February 23, 2021
A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
John Moses Browning - Pump Action Shotgun Designer
One of America's greatest firearms inventors was John Moses Browning. He was the son of John Browning and sibling to 21 other children. Among his man accomplishments was the Model 1885 Single Shot Rifle that was purchased by the Winchester Repeating Arms Company for $8000.
Browning worked for the Winchester company for many years. But one of his crowning achievements was the invention of the penultimate American firearms, the "Pump Action Shotgun". Many of would be villains have been stopped dead in their tracks by the unmistakeable sound of the cocking of he pump action shotgun.
John Moses Browning was born in 1855 and started inventing firearms as a teenager. He worked his entire life perfecting his craft. He worked until he died in 1926, literally succumbing to heart failure in his son's shop while at work. Browning influenced nearly all categories of firearms design. He invented, or made significant improvements to, single-shot, lever-action, and pump-action rifles.
One of his most significant contributions to the firearms industry were in the area of autoloading firearms. He developed the first reliable and compact autoloading pistols by inventing the telescoping bolt which integrated the bolt and barrel shroud into what is known as the pistol slide.
Browning's telescoping bolt design is now found on nearly every modern semi-automatic pistol, as well as several modern fully automatic weapons. He also developed the first gas-operated firearm, the Colt Browning Model 1895 machine gun - a system that surpassed mechanical recoil operation to become the standard for most high-power self-loading firearm designs worldwide.
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Did you know?
Shotguns were often favored by cavalry troops in the early to mid-19th century because of its ease of use and generally good effectiveness on the move, as well as by coachmen for its substantial power. However by the late 19th century, these weapons became largely replaced on the battlefield by breechloading rifled firearms shooting spin-stabilized cylindro-conoidal bullets, which were far more accurate with longer effective ranges.
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