Diabetic Digest - August 15, 2018
When living with type 2 diabetes weight loss can be a huge factor in successful management of the disease. Last time, I wrote about my significant weight loss and recently I found this interesting article about diabetes remission.
It seems that type 2 diabetes can go into remission when there has been a rather aggressive weight loss.
Now, I have type 1 diabetes wouldn't be so lucky, but those with type 2, please read this article. It's fascinating.
Oh, and don't forget to enjoy grill for a little while longer with today's recipe. Grilled brats flavored with beer? Yes, please!
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*-- Diabetic News --*
Diabetes remission after weight loss linked to improved pancreatic cells
Researchers have figured out why some patients' type 2 diabetes goes into remission from aggressive weight loss -- improved functioning of pancreatic beta cells.
Researchers at Newcastle University in England built on their Diabetes Remission Clinical Trial, in which 46 percent of individuals with the diabetes no longer were diabetic on year later if they underwent intensive weight loss. Their new findings, which were published Thursday in the journal Cell Metabolism, challenge the previous belief that beta-cell function is irreversibly lost in type 2 diabetes patients.
"This observation carries potentially important implications for the initial clinical approach to management," senior author Dr. Roy Taylor of Newcastle University, who also oversaw the trial, said in a press release. "At present, the early management of type 2 diabetes tends to involve a period of adjusting to the diagnosis plus pharmacotherapy with lifestyle changes, which in practice are modest. Our data suggest that substantial weight loss at the time of diagnosis is appropriate to rescue the beta cells."
Diabetes is a global problem affecting approximately 422 million people worldwide, of which 90 percent of cases are type 2 diabetes, according to the World Health Organization. Diabetes prevalence has risen from 4.7 percent in 1980 to 8.5 percent in 2014.
In type 2 diabetes, the body does not produce enough or respond properly to insulin. The hormone, which is produced by beta cells in the pancreas, help glucose in the blood enter cells in muscle, fat and liver for energy.
In the remission study, participants diagnosed with type 2 diabetes within six years of the start of the study were randomly assigned to a control group of normal weight management or an intensive weight-loss program. Nearly half of the individuals in the intervention group recovered from diabetes and maintained control over blood glucose concentrations.
The researchers then studied relevant metabolic factors, including liver fat content, pancreatic fat content, blood concentrations of fats called triglyceride and beta-cell function, in a subset of trial participants, including 64 individuals in the intervention group and 26 in the control one.
There were reductions in liver fat content, pancreatic fat content and blood concentrations of triglycerides regardless of how much the participants lost weight.
But they found a more rapid loss was linked to the change in pancreatic beta cells and non-diabetic glucose control.
"The knowledge of reversibility of type 2 diabetes, ultimately due to re-differentiation of pancreatic beta cells, will lead to further targeted work to improve understanding of this process," Taylor said. "This provides a major focus for cell biologists to make specific advances."
The researchers recommend a longer observance period than 12 months and a more demographic samples because 98 percent in the study were white.
*-- Diabetic Recipe --*
GRILLED BRATS FLAVORED WITH BEER
6 Fresh bratwurst sausage
1 12-ounce can beer (not dark beer)
1 medium onion, Chopped
4 whole Cloves
6 Hard Rolls
Place bratwursts, beer, onion, peppercorns, and cloves in a 3-quart saucepan. Simmer for 20 minutes. Drain. Grill bratwursts 2 to 5 inches from charcoal about 10 minutes, until browned. Sprinkle with water to form a crisp skin. Serve in hard rolls with coarse grain mustard.
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