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Diabetic Digest - April 15, 2015


I'll be brief. I just wanted to share two very interesting articles with you today.

First, discover just how five days of fatty foods can alter how your body processes nutrients in an article entitled: Five days of fatty foods alters how the body processes nutrients.

Then, see if fast or slow weight loss is best to avoid regaining the weight?

Finally, relax and enjoy a great recipe for Baked Apples. Just typing that makes me hungry.


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*-- Diabetic News --*

Five days of fatty foods alters how the body processes nutrients


BLACKSBURG, Va. (UPI) - Most nutritionists agree it's okay to indulge now and then. Even the healthiest of eaters have their weaknesses. But new research shows just how quickly a poor diet can alter the insides.

According to a new study, five days of fatty foods changes the way the body's muscles absorb and process nutrients. Researchers say the results are further reminder that even short-term forays into unhealthy habits can have long-lasting effects.

"Most people think they can indulge in high-fat foods for a few days and get away with it," Matt Hulver, a professor at Virginia Tech and expert on diet and exercise, explained in a recent press release. "But all it takes is five days for your body's muscle to start to protest."

Muscles make up 30 percent of the average person's bodyweight. They also play a leading role in metabolizing glucose. When blood-sugar levels rise during and after eating, muscles process the excess sugar, deciding either to use or store that energy. If the muscular system's ability to metabolize sugar is compromised, the consequences for the rest of the body can be quite bad.

As part of the new study, researchers had students at Virginia Tech eat a diet consisting of 55 percent fat. Most diets are composed of roughly 30 percent fat. Meals included, among other items, sausage biscuits and macaroni and cheese. Butter was applied liberally.

After five days, researchers measured metabolic signatures and found high-fat eaters were less efficient at oxidizing glucose. Researchers say the consequences could diminish a person's ability to regulate insulin spikes, which raise a person's risk of developing diabetes and other metabolic diseases.

"This shows that our bodies are can respond dramatically to changes in diet in a shorter time frame than we have previously thought," Hulver said. "If you think about it, five days is a very short time. There are plenty of times when we all eat fatty foods for a few days, be it the holidays, vacations, or other celebrations. But this research shows that those high-fat diets can change a person's normal metabolism in a very short timeframe."

The research was published this week in the journal Obesity. Hulver and his colleagues plan on further exploring the long-term health effects of a disruption in the muscular system's metabolizing abilities. They also plan to study how quickly the effects of a high-fat diet can be reversed.


Is Fast or Slow Weight Loss Best to Avoid Regain?
By: Miriam E. Tucker

The chance of weight regain after dieting is the same whether the weight was dropped quickly or slowly, a study found. A total of 204 overweight or obese adults followed either a 12-week "rapid" diet consuming only specially designed, nutritionally balanced, low-calorie drinks or a "slower" 36-week diet that included the drinks for some meals and solid food for others. Participants who lost at least 12.5 percent of their weight-nearly all of the rapid dieters versus just half of the slower diet group-were prescribed a maintenance diet. After three years, three quarters of both groups had gained the weight back during the maintenance phase. What's needed is a way to suppress hunger after weight loss, the researchers say.

Source: The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, published online Oct. 16, 2014

Original Article: Is Fast or Slow Weight Loss Best to Avoid Regain?

*- Diabetic Recipe -*

Baked Apples

Servings: 4
Prep time: 5 minutes
Cook time: 30 minutes
Total: 35 minutes

1/3 cup unsweetened apple juice
1/3 cup dry white wine
1/3 cup water
2 tablespoons grated orange zest
4 medium-size, 6 ounces each, baking apples
ground cinnamon to taste
1 tablespoon ground walnuts

1. Preheat oven to 375 degrees F.
2. In a small pot, simmer the apple juice, wine, and water with the orange zest for 10 minutes.
3. Meanwhile, core the apples and remove peel from the top 1/3 of each apple. Using a small spoon, remove and discard the core and seed.
4. Place in a small baking dish just big enough for the apples. Pour apple juice mixture around the apples and sprinkle each apple with cinnamon. Bake for about 20 minutes or until the apples are cooked through but still hold their shape.
5. Place each apple in a small dessert dish. Top with 1 tablespoon of the cooking liquid and 1/4 of the walnuts. Serve warm.

Nutrition Information
Per serving: 118 calories (9% calories from fat), 1 g protein, 1 g total fat (0.1 g saturated fat), 27 g carbohydrates, 5 g dietary fiber, 0 cholesterol, 1 mg sodium
Diabetic exchanges: 2 carbohydrate (fruit)

Original Recipe: Baked Apples


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